How to Improve the Performance of Your Team

Role of team in sports

I will consider the Chicago Bulls team as my example for this discussion. The Chicago Bulls are an American professional basketball team based in Chicago, Illinois, playing in the Central Division of the Eastern Conference in the National Basketball Association (NBA).

The team is well known for having one of the greatest dynasties in NBA history during the 1990s, winning six championships in 8 years with two three-peats. All six of those championship teams were led by Michael Jordan, Scottie Pippen and coach Phil Jackson. The Bulls won an NBA record 72 games during the 1995-96 NBA season and are the only team in NBA history to win at least 70 games in a single season.

During the 1990s, the Bulls helped spread the popularity of the NBA around the world. The 1998 NBA Finals, the Bulls’ most recent championship appearance, was the most watched championship series in NBA history.

The team was formed in 1960’s but was only made famous during 1990’s and fell off again in the limelight in 2000 up to present. The success of the team during 1990’s was obviously because of the mixed up of key players like Michael Jordan, Scottie Pippen, Dennis Rodman and the leadership of coach Phil Jackson.

Phil Jackson believes that the strength of the team is each individual member, the strength of each member is the team.

He added that basketball, unlike football with its prescribed routes, is an improvisational game, similar to jazz. If someone drops a note, someone else must step into the vacuum and drive the beat that sustains the team.

For a sports team to exist, you need a group of talented athletes, who work together to achieve a common goal of winning the match.

The role of team in any sport is extremely important, it will dictate between losing and winning and it will determine to be great or just an ordinary team. It is true that every NBA teams has all the skills they need to be great, they chose excellent players, great coach and manager but not all teams could achieved what the Chicago Bulls has accomplished. The bottom line is perfect team to deliver results and perfect strategy that applicable to the team.

The ball is like a microphone or a spotlight–the more it’s in your hands, the less anybody else has a chance to shine. But if you start sharing it, others will contribute. If you can’t live with that, you’ll never win a championship.

It apparent that Phil Jackson emphasizes great teamwork with his team, even the superstar like Michael Jordan, Dennis Rodman, Shaquille O’Neal and Kobe Bryant followed the structure outline by coach Phil Jackson.

Role of team in engineering projects

Similarly, a project team is defined as a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance, goals, and approach. It could also be described as an assembly of people who are directly or indirectly accountable to the project manager (M. Newell and M. Grashina, 2004).

In engineering projects, the role of teams in the delivery projects is also very important. Engineering projects can be complex in their design, process and/or client requirements. They will call for expertise in fields not necessarily held by one individual. They will have a risk profile that requires the efforts of many to understand and mitigate.

Teams are important to this type of work as they enable the members involved to spread amongst themselves the risks and workloads of the project. This enables the team to achieve more than the individual members involved (synergy).

An effective team is required in order for the project to be in a position to deliver on its promise of completion of the project in line with the clients requirements. An effective team with members who understand their roles and responsibilities as well as the roles and responsibilities of other team members will have increased productivity and synergy which is required to deliver solutions on complex engineering problems.

The 6 Unique Type of Cyclists

Cyclists can be broken up into 6 unique types. Which type you are or would like to be will depend on your reason and purpose for cycling.

Sport Cyclists

This is the most noticeable type of cyclist as they are easy to spot. Sport cyclists usually wear colorful cycling outfits, often go for group rides on weekends, own the best racing or sports bicycles with sometimes very unique looking wheels, travel to races, and are interested in anything to do with racing and top notch ultra-light equipment. If you are into sports cycling, you likely know the best racing magazines or blogs and don’t need to speak French to know exactly what “Tour de France” is all about.

Fitness Cyclists

There are not that many fitness cyclists as compared to some of the other groups of cyclists, perhaps because of the invention of the stationary bike. Fitness cyclists usually cycle alone or at most with a riding buddy who has the same fitness goals. They are less concerned with the style of bike they ride or the outfit they are wearing, and more concerned with getting in shape and body building. Some are casual in their approach while others plan their bike rides by length and difficulty, increasing their endurance and muscle as hey go.

Utilitarian Cyclists

I have to admit that until recently I was ignorant that this type had a name and group attached to it; and I have in fact been one of them. There are whole websites dedicated to utility cycling.

Utilitarian cyclists use their bicycle for a specific purpose. Either to get to work, run errands, or perhaps for their actual job such as policemen who work on their bike or a bicycle courier. For the utilitarian, you probably own a mountain or hybrid bicycle and likely understand a bit about bicycle maintenance since you depend on your bike for your transportation or job.

Recreational Cyclists

This is the largest of the cycling groups but have the least amount of branding. Recreational cyclists don’t have a common type of outfit, they don’t ride one type of bike, nor do they ride to common locations. They ride for recreation, and of course that brings people to many different places. Recreation can take you to explore your neighborhood, or a common bicycle trail, a new pathway you recently discovered, or just seeing some of the countryside or the city. What defines recreational cyclists is that they are riding for the pure purpose of enjoyment, though they may have health as a background motivator.

Mountain Bikers

You could probably fit mountain biking into recreational cycling, but having been into mountain biking myself at one point in my life I feel it needs its own category to do justice to it. Mountain bikers ride for enjoyment, but choose mountain bikes and pick mountain trails to create that enjoyment. How extreme one does it is up to the individual, but they are more driven by the call of nature of the ruggedness of the ride than the tame urban riders.

Touring Cyclist

The most hard core group in my opinion and probably the most adventurous too. A touring cyclists is someone who wishes to explore a part of the country, the country itself or the world on their bicycle. They’ve picked a long distance destination and are riding there on nothing more then their bike. They may sleep in a tent although motels and hotels could be in the budget as well. Rain, heat and wind do not stop the touring cyclist who comes prepared for any type of circumstance the road can throw at them. For the touring cyclist, you can say that the journey is by far more important than the destination.

Abs Training, Why You Need the Right Mind Set

The single most important factor in training your abs is not the diet that you follow, the cardio you do or even your abs exercises; it is having the right mind set. In order to succeed in building strong muscular abs you are required to demonstrate the same qualities that are needed to succeed in anything else in life. First, you need to have a clear vision of the goal you have set yourself, then you need the right plan to put it into action and finally you need to give the plan the time it needs to bear fruit and it is here that the right mind set plays its part.

The reason for this is because few things that we try to achieve run smoothly without coming across obstacles, setbacks or failures along the way. On top of that, it is only natural that there will be times when your energy levels are low or your mood is such that it is easy to just go through the motions or miss your training altogether. It is also true that sticking faithfully to a calorie controlled diet can sometimes be difficult when you are constantly bombarded with tasty treats to tempt you. This is why developing the right mind set is ultimately the thing that will decide how successful you become.

In order to ensure that your mind is always full of enthusiasm, determination and focused on your goal there are many techniques that you can use to help.

Positive thinking

One of the most important but not means easy things to maintain during any quest is a positive mental attitude. Regardless of whether your mind set is positive or negative, you can be sure that it will definitely influence every action that you take in both your life and in a program of diet and exercise. If your thoughts are negative; every task that you undertake can seem difficult to do, and every sacrifice can seem pointless. As such, is usually only a matter of time before you convince yourself that the most sensible option is to give up on what you are trying to accomplish.

On the other hand, if your thoughts are positive then nothing is too much of an effort, and any sacrifice seems easy to make. Therefore, pursuing your goal seems effortless because you truly believe it will pay dividends in the end. As you can see you are always more likely to succeed with a positive mental attitude so it makes sense to learn about how it can be influenced. One way to do this is to find out as much as possible about what you are doing, and what results you can expect before you begin your task. The reason I say this is because in my experience, one of the primary factors that can create a negative attitude is being unsure that what you are doing is the correct procedure to bring about the outcome you want. If on the other hand you have done your research, and the evidence clearly shows what is likely to happen as a result of your actions as well as how long it will take to achieve your goal, it becomes far easier to stay positive. You should apply this same principal to your abs training. If you do as much research as possible on abs training you will notice that all of the evidence suggests that if you consume less calories than your body needs to maintain its present weight, as well as exercising frequently, your body will burn fat to provide energy. You will also note that the reason your abs are not currently visible is because some of that same fat you are intending to burn is in fact covering your waistline. It is therefore inevitable that once you begin to burn the fat, you will get a six pack if you stick at your program long enough. The only variable is the time it takes to happen and that is a scientific fact.

Keep an exercises and diet journal

If someone gave me the choice of having only two items to enhance my training, the items I would choose would be a pen and paper. This is so that I could then keep an exercise and diet journal, as I strongly believe that this is the most important aid in achieving the goals that you have set yourself. I am not alone in this belief, as most successful sportsmen and women do the same and keep accurate records of all their training sessions, year upon year. This is not only a useful tool but is also a testament to their attention to detail; that if asked, most could tell you exactly how much they weighed, what exercises they did and for how many sets and reps on any given day 1, 2 or even 5 years ago.

For your abs training keeping an accurate journal is vital in order to be sure of the progress you have made in weight loss, number of repetitions in any given exercise, and how your body measurements have changed. It is also true that we can all be guilty of false memory at times and it is easy to sometimes think that we have done better or worse than we really have. However, when it is in black and white in your journal, there can be no argument about the progress you have made. So for your exercise and diet journal, try to include as much information as possible. For example, record how many times you train each week, how long the training sessions last, the number of sets and repetitions you do for each exercise, and also how you felt both physically and mentally; before during and after your workouts.

For this journal it is important to record your body measurements and weight at the start of the program, and every week there after. Also note how many calories you consume each day, and what percentage of your diet is made up of protein, carbohydrates and fats. You should also record how many meals you eat per day, and how the diet makes you feel both physically and mentally.

Keeping these journals will help to prevent you from making many mistakes, and will also allow you to be fully aware of what is working for you and what is not. Therefore, you can quickly adapt any methods that are proving to be unsuccessful as soon as they become apparent. Also keep in mind that there are many people who train regularly but whose progress has stagnated for months or even years. However, if you were to ask those same people what exercises, sets, reps or diet they followed one year ago, most would be unable to tell you as they did not keep accurate and regular records. It is not possible to improve or build upon your progress if you don’t know what you have done in the past.


Visualization (or mental rehearsal as it is sometimes known) is one of the most powerful techniques used in modern sports psychology, and it would be fair to say that it has probably been practiced since sportsmen or women first began to compete against each other. The technique, which is simple to learn but very effective to use, has many benefits to offer anyone taking up abs training. First and foremost; by providing a mental image of exactly how you want to look once you have achieved your goal.

This was the case with the legendary Arnold Schwarzenegger, who has often said that he used visualization to formulate the image of the man he wanted to become from the moment he took up bodybuilding. In your own training, it will pay to do the same and spend time nurturing the concept of how your abs will look and feel once you have achieved your goal. Another important and very effective way to use visualization is to mentally rehearse what you will accomplish during your workouts; such as the number of sets and repetitions you want to complete. It is also very effective if you are struggling to perform an exercise correctly, as the problem can soon be overcome by simply picturing yourself executing the movement as it should be done

At this stage I feel it is also worth mentioning an important and extremely relevant experiment carried out by Russian scientists. In this experiment, there were three separate groups of volunteers. The first group were instructed to perform a number of exercises for 12 weeks, the second group were told to spend 50% of their allotted time exercising and 50% of it just visualizing doing the exercises, and the final group were asked to do no exercise at all. Instead, the third group spent their time simply visualizing doing the exercises. The results of this experiment showed that the group who did both exercise and visualization became stronger than the group who only exercised. Remarkably, the group who practised only visualization and did not participate in any exercising were found to be the strongest group of all.

Goal setting

Before any Olympic medal can be won, world record time set or perfect performance displayed, the desire to achieve these great feats has to be nurtured. After all, only by having goals do we feel the need to take the action necessary to succeed in the first place. However, it is also true to say that in order to have any chance of success, the ambition that you have in your mind must be clearly defined and focused on. This is because a simple whim decided upon one morning without any real thought will be abandoned as quickly and as easily as it appeared.

Sports psychologists have now proven that to in order to succeed, a goal has to be clearly identified, measured and broken down into smaller more manageable targets. This process has since been labelled “the three rules of goal setting”.

Rule one

Know exactly what your goal is:

You should know exactly what your goal is so that you can put the correct plan of action in place in order to reach it. Although this might seem obvious, it is also important to know exactly what criteria needs to be met so that you are fully aware of when you have in fact reached your target. Therefore, with your abs training program, do not set your goals as vague as the idea of simply having great abs. Instead, be as concise as you can be and know exactly how muscular, defined and strong the abs need to be in order for your ambition to have been reached

Rule two

Always be realistic:

I believe that you should always aim high in life, but you also need to be practical or you risk setting yourself up for disappointment. An example of aiming too high would be if the ambition of a man weighing 10 stone was to be the strongest man in the world. The laws of physics would suggest that this is unlikely to happen, as he could not compete against those who weigh 3 or 4 times as much as himself and still succeed. A wiser goal would be to aim to be the strongest 10 stone man in the world. However, you do not have to worry about being over ambitious with your abs training as you now know that if you stick to the program, you will get great looking strong abs. That is a scientific fact. The need for realism only applies to the amount of time needed to achieve it. So, if you have never done any abs training before, be realistic and do not expect results overnight. Instead, take comfort in the knowledge that it is only a matter of time before this happens.

Rule three

Break down the goals:

Always break down your main goal into smaller, more manageable goals. Having a main aim is crucial but can sometimes seem overwhelming or too far in the future to allow you to keep motivated. By having smaller goals that you can quickly reach, you receive constant positive reinforcement. This will keep your confidence level high, as each goal reached will confirm that you are doing the right thing for success. For abs training you can set small targets such as losing two pounds in weight, or increasing the repetitions in an exercise by one or two in order to keep you focused and full of enthusiasm throughout.

Self belief

Self-belief in ones talents and abilities is a curious thing. Some seem to have such belief in abundance and never doubt for a moment that they will achieve their goal or get what they desire. Failure does not seem to cross their minds. Other people are not so lucky, and self doubt is a part of their mental makeup which they have to constantly strive to overcome.

However for your abs training, I want you to put any self doubt to one side and just consider this. There are no special talents or gifts needed to succeed, and neither does it take a special kind of person. If you follow a diet that creates a calorie deficit, and exercise for long enough for it to take effect then you will get a six pack no matter who you are, and that is a scientific fact.


One of the best aids you can use to keep your motivation on track is to see the improvements you are making week by week, and month by month. A great way to do this is to take some good quality photographs of your body before you have your very first abs training workout, and then every couple of weeks thereafter. Ensure that you take your photos from every angle; both standing relaxed and with your muscles tensed. This simple act provides a wonderful reference for your improvement, and nothing feels better than seeing how your body has changed before your very eyes. It is also true that after several months it can be easy to forget how your body looked at the start, and as such you might dismiss or doubt the progress that you have made. However, when you look at the very first photographs taken at the beginning, followed by your most recent ones, it becomes very easy to stay motivated.

Go back to see the future

A simple but effective trick to use when you feel your motivation is dropping is to take a look in your exercise journal and find one of the very first training routines you did. Then for your next training session, do the old routine with exactly the same exercises, sets and reps. Once you realise how easy it is to do now what was once so hard, you can soon put things into perspective and consequently, your motivation will come flooding back for continued success

Films and books

In order to maintain your motivation, it is a great idea to watch films, documentaries or perhaps read a book or article on a topic that you find inspiring. It doesn’t matter what the subject is as long as it motivates you and fills you with determination to succeed in your own goals. One choice could be biographies of people who have overcome great hardship or obstacles in order to win despite the odds being stacked against them, as seeing someone else succeed makes you realise that you can too. A great example of how a film can inspire you is Bruce Lee’s ‘Enter the Dragon.’ This movie not only inspired me to take up martial arts and keep at it, but it has also had the same effect for a whole generation of young men.

The Mind set summary

The correct mind set will be the deciding factor in achieving your goals. Keep an up to date diet and exercise journal to record your progress. Stay positive with the knowledge that your program is scientifically proven to work. The only variable is time.